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Basic Flight Instruments

Basic Flight Instruments

   Introduction      The basic flight instruments located in the cockpit of an airplane are...

Airspeed Indicator

Airspeed Indicator

   Airspeed indicator       One of the oldest and most important instruments in the panel of an...

Altimeter

Altimeter

   Altimeter      Altimeter is the instrument which shows the aircraft’s altitude from sea...

Magnetic Compass

Magnetic Compass

   Magnetic Compass         The magnetic compass indicates the position of the aircraft...

Attitude Indicator

Attitude Indicator

   Attitude Indicator      The attitude indicator or otherwise artificial horizon is the...

Heading Indicator

Heading Indicator

   Heading Indicator      Heading indicator or HI is the instrument that shows us the direction...

Vertical Speed Indicator

Vertical Speed Indicator

   Vertical Speed Indicator     Vertical Speed Indicator or otherwise variometer, is the...

Turn and Balance Indicator

Turn and Balance Indicator

   Turn and Balance Indicator      Turn and Balance Indicator is a double-role instrument. As a...

Flight Control System

Flight Control System

   Introduction     Flight control system of an airplane is the set of all parts that it needs...

Basic Flight Control Systems

Basic Flight Control Systems

          When an airplane is changing attitude in flight, it's moving around one or more of the...

Secondary Flight Control Systems

Secondary Flight Control Systems

        The secondary flight control systems, are operating auxiliary with the basic flight...

Air Navigation

Air Navigation

Intoduction       Air navigation is all the procedures that need to be done by someone to be able...

Basic Principles

Basic Principles

     If we want to succeed a proper air navigation, we must move from the departure point to our...

VFR

VFR

       VFR (Visual Flight Rules) is one of the two regulations governing all civil flights...

IFR

IFR

        IFR (Instrument Flight Rules) are the rules when flying ​​under such weather conditions...

IFR Procedures

IFR Procedures

        During an IFRIFRDefinition: Instrument Flight Rules... flight, there are specific...

Charts

Charts

Introduction       For the proper Aviation, there are specific charts that showing the right...

IFR Charts

IFR Charts

       To be able to execute an instrument flight (IFR), we should consult and follow the...

Airport Charts

Airport Charts

       These charts providing information about the provision of the facilities in the airport...

SID Charts

SID Charts

       SID (Standard Instrument Departure) are the charts that showing us how to reach the exit...

  • Basic Flight Instruments

    Basic Flight Instruments

    Friday, 26 April 2013 01:35
  • Airspeed Indicator

    Airspeed Indicator

    Friday, 26 April 2013 01:35
  • Altimeter

    Altimeter

    Friday, 26 April 2013 01:35
  • Magnetic Compass

    Magnetic Compass

    Friday, 26 April 2013 01:35
  • Attitude Indicator

    Attitude Indicator

    Friday, 26 April 2013 01:35
  • Heading Indicator

    Heading Indicator

    Friday, 26 April 2013 01:35
  • Vertical Speed Indicator

    Vertical Speed Indicator

    Friday, 26 April 2013 01:35
  • Turn and Balance Indicator

    Turn and Balance Indicator

    Friday, 26 April 2013 01:35
  • Flight Control System

    Flight Control System

    Monday, 06 May 2013 16:35
  • Basic Flight Control Systems

    Basic Flight Control Systems

    Monday, 06 May 2013 16:35
  • Secondary Flight Control Systems

    Secondary Flight Control Systems

    Monday, 06 May 2013 16:35
  • Air Navigation

    Air Navigation

    Sunday, 16 June 2013 19:50
  • Basic Principles

    Basic Principles

    Sunday, 16 June 2013 19:50
  • VFR

    VFR

    Sunday, 16 June 2013 19:50
  • IFR

    IFR

    Sunday, 16 June 2013 19:50
  • IFR Procedures

    IFR Procedures

    Sunday, 16 June 2013 19:50
  • Charts

    Charts

    Thursday, 19 March 2015 15:55
  • IFR Charts

    IFR Charts

    Friday, 27 March 2015 10:31
  • Airport Charts

    Airport Charts

    Thursday, 05 November 2015 13:33
  • SID Charts

    SID Charts

    Friday, 06 November 2015 09:49

 

     These charts providing information about the provision of the facilities in the airport area, information about the runway, the taxiways, airport lights, etc. In order to explain this kind of charts we will use Jeppesen chart 10-9 of Ioannis Kapodistrias airport in Corfu.

 

 

     At the top of such a chart, the following Information is displayed, from the left to the right:

 

  1. ICAO and IATA code.
  2. Apt Elev which is the elevation of the highest point of the airport's runways.
  3. Longitude and latitude of ARP (Airport Reference Point) located in the center of all the airport's runways.
  4. Chart's date.
  5. City, Country and airport's name.
  6. Directly below we can see some airport communication frequencies. Left is the frequency ATIS. The ATIS is a recorded message which gives information about the weather conditions at the airport, the active runways, Transition Altitude and specific information about the airport.
    Next we can see the Communication frequency of the Ground and the Tower

 

     Passing to the next area of the chart we can see the airport diagram. Here we see the following information:

 

 

  1. In outline of the chart we see the scale of longitude and latitude.
  2. Runway's length in feet and meters.
  3. The name of each runway and its orientation to the magnetic North.
  4. Runway's threshold and its height from sea level.
    All shapes in blue, refers to water like sea, rivers, lakes etc.




  5. Length Scale in feet and meters.
  6. Construction at 597 feet height.
  7. Various physical barriers and their heights.
  8. Various buildings and the airport's Terminal shown in black. AIS and MET indicating that the airport has ATIS and weather station. Taxiways are symbolized with the letters A, B, C, E . Here we must mention that taxiways, apron and various highways are in gray color.
  9. Here we can see the deviation of longitude from magnetic north in degrees.

 

     This chart is collapsed by more charts. In larger airports there are other charts that show us the available parking gates and additional Information about the runways. On the other hand for smaller airports this Information is shown on one page. The following section shows the information on airport parking:

 

 

  1. Geographical coordinates for parking.
  2. Detailed Info of their positions in apron with the connecting taxiways and the way an aircraft can reach or leave it.

Additional runway Information

     In this part of the 10-9 chart, we can see important information for lighting of the runways (if exist), their dimensions and the available length of its pavement. Also here we can also see specific Information of the airport, that a pilot must be aware of and also take-off restrictions depending on the visibility conditions.

 

 

  1. Information about runway's lighting. We can see runway 17 at first line and runway 35 below. MIRL (Medium Intensity Runway Lights) means that the airport has lights that show us the limits of the runway and it is moderate. Other airports have HIRL and RL High and standard brightness respectively. 60m is the distance from the left to the right column of lights on either side of the runway. PAPI shows us that the airport and the two runways has precision approach lights and that are located in the left side. (-L). Also the angle of descent defined by these lights is on 3 (angle 3.00o) and 3.08 (angle 3.08o) degrees.
  2. Available runway lenght in feet and meters.
  3. Available runway width.
  4. Important Information. Information when we should ask authorization to start engines.
  5. Information about when we can depart from the airport depending on current visibility.
  6. Especially when the airport is in low visibility procedure, it informs us that we must be able to see runway's center Line (RCLM) or during the night, the lights of the runway, at least 250m for category airport A, B and C and 300m for category D.
  7. In normal conditions this should be visible for all categories by at least 400m.
  8. When the runway lights are not in use and the runway center Line is not visible, the visibility for takeoff must be at least 500m.

 

 

 For FlightSimmer.GR
  Giannis Evagelinos